New Research Suggests Anthocyanins Reduce Cardiovascular Risk
2019-01-16 09:25 Wednesday
Eating red fruits has become a popular method for preventing heart disease, a major health concern for women. New research suggests that eating red fruits and vegetables is one of the best ways to maintain heart health.
A study published in the journal Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition concludes that anthocyanins, the red flavonoids found in flowering plants, reduce the risk of coronary heart disease and cardiovascular mortality.
After a systematic review and meta-analysis of 19 studies, the study found that people with the highest anthocyanin intake were 9% less likely to develop coronary heart disease and 8% less likely to die from heart disease.
"Our analysis is the largest and most comprehensive assessment of the association between dietary anthocyanin intake and cardiovascular risk," said Glyn Howatson, a senior professor at Northumbria University in the United Kingdom. "In recent years, there has been increasing evidence that this natural plant compound may have particular value in cardiovascular health."
Howson and Rachel Kimble, who worked on the study, reviewed 19 published studies and compared dietary anthocyanin intake with heart disease incidence and cardiac-related conditions, such as stroke, heart attack, and cardiac-related death.
After summarizing and analyzing the results of these studies, the researchers found that the more anthocyanins are present in the diet, the lower the risk of coronary heart disease and heart-related death.
Existing evidence also suggests that anthocyanin-rich foods lower risk indexes for heart disease (such as cholesterol levels, triglyceride levels and blood pressure) and may reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes and its associated premature death.
Eating more food rich in anthocyanin, such as eggplant, mulberry and blueberry, can lead to other health benefits as well, including preventing skin wrinkles from forming earlier, improving the quality of sleep, reducing inflammation and improving bowel health.