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EU Updates Vitamin D Intake Level for Infants

2018-10-10 13:33 Wednesday


In early August, the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) announced that its panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies (DNA) had revised the Tolerable Upper Intake Level (UL) for vitamin D for infants (under the age of 1) set in 2012, as required by the European Commission.

Vitamin D

Based on a literature review of UL set in 2012, the panel concluded that available data on infants' daily vitamin D intake and the risk of adverse health effects do not fully determine the UL for vitamin D for infants.

After a regression analysis of the data collected by the expert group, it was concluded that the daily vitamin D intake of infants is closely related to the mean concentration of serum 25 (OH) D. Based on this conclusion and related collected data, the panel revised the vitamin D tolerance upper intake to 25 μg/day for infants younger than 6 months and 35 μg/day for infants aged 6-12 months. This means that vitamin D content for infant formula in the EU may be updated accordingly.

The panel also affirmed the safety of consuming infant formula with maximum vitamin D content of 3 μg/100 kcal. In the absence of a vitamin D supplement, infants under 4 months  who consume formula with the maximum vitamin D content are likely to exceed the maximum daily intake. For infants aged 4-12 months, vitamin D intake does not exceed the Tolerable Upper Intake Level.

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